A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted for a limited period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention. A patent is a right to exclude others from making, selling, or using the patented invention for a limited term and is essentially a legally recognized monopoly that the government grants in exchange for a disclosure of how to make and use an invention. Patentable inventions must be new, useful, and non-obvious.
Material Transfer Agreements (MTAs) address the exchange of research materials between individuals at separate organizations and, among other issues, address ownership, intellectual property, publications, and liability related to the research materials. At UNH, we try to use the UBMTA (see below for additional explanation) whenever possible to streamline the implementation of these agreements.